A handler is a function that processes a particular phase of a request. Apache processes requests in phases - read the request, process headers, provide content, etc. For every phase, it will call handlers, provided by either the Apache core or one of its modules, such as mod_python which passes control to functions provided by the user and written in Python. A handler written in Python is not any different from a handler written in C, and follows these rules:
A handler function will always
be passed a reference to a request object. (Throughout this manual,
the request object is often referred to by the
Every handler can return:
HTTP_CONTINUE = 100 HTTP_SWITCHING_PROTOCOLS = 101 HTTP_PROCESSING = 102 HTTP_OK = 200 HTTP_CREATED = 201 HTTP_ACCEPTED = 202 HTTP_NON_AUTHORITATIVE = 203 HTTP_NO_CONTENT = 204 HTTP_RESET_CONTENT = 205 HTTP_PARTIAL_CONTENT = 206 HTTP_MULTI_STATUS = 207 HTTP_MULTIPLE_CHOICES = 300 HTTP_MOVED_PERMANENTLY = 301 HTTP_MOVED_TEMPORARILY = 302 HTTP_SEE_OTHER = 303 HTTP_NOT_MODIFIED = 304 HTTP_USE_PROXY = 305 HTTP_TEMPORARY_REDIRECT = 307 HTTP_BAD_REQUEST = 400 HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED = 401 HTTP_PAYMENT_REQUIRED = 402 HTTP_FORBIDDEN = 403 HTTP_NOT_FOUND = 404 HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED = 405 HTTP_NOT_ACCEPTABLE = 406 HTTP_PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED= 407 HTTP_REQUEST_TIME_OUT = 408 HTTP_CONFLICT = 409 HTTP_GONE = 410 HTTP_LENGTH_REQUIRED = 411 HTTP_PRECONDITION_FAILED = 412 HTTP_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE = 413 HTTP_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LARGE = 414 HTTP_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE = 415 HTTP_RANGE_NOT_SATISFIABLE = 416 HTTP_EXPECTATION_FAILED = 417 HTTP_UNPROCESSABLE_ENTITY = 422 HTTP_LOCKED = 423 HTTP_FAILED_DEPENDENCY = 424 HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR = 500 HTTP_NOT_IMPLEMENTED = 501 HTTP_BAD_GATEWAY = 502 HTTP_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE = 503 HTTP_GATEWAY_TIME_OUT = 504 HTTP_VERSION_NOT_SUPPORTED = 505 HTTP_VARIANT_ALSO_VARIES = 506 HTTP_INSUFFICIENT_STORAGE = 507 HTTP_NOT_EXTENDED = 510
As an alternative to returning an HTTP error code, handlers can signal an error by raising the apache.SERVER_RETURN exception, and providing an HTTP error code as the exception value, e.g.
raise apache.SERVER_RETURN, apache.HTTP_FORBIDDEN
Handlers can send content to the client using the req.write() method.
Client data, such as POST requests, can be read by using the req.read() function.
Python*Handlerdirective in effect is prepended to the
sys.path. If the directive was specified in a server config file outside any
<Directory>, then the directory is unknown and not prepended.
An example of a minimalistic handler might be:
from mod_python import apache def requesthandler(req): req.content_type = "text/plain" req.write("Hello World!") return apache.OK